Home' Nufarm Annual Report : Nufarm Annual Report 2017 Contents 3. Significant accounting policies (continued)
(o) Income tax
Income tax expense comprises current and deferred tax. Current and deferred taxes are recognised in profit or loss except to
the extent that it relates to a business combination, or items recognised directly in equity or in other comprehensive income.
Current tax is the expected tax payable or receivable on the taxable income or loss for the year, using tax rates enacted
or substantively enacted at the reporting date, and any adjustment to tax payable in respect of previous years.
Deferred tax is recognised in respect of temporary differences between the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities for financial
reporting purposes and the amounts used for taxation purposes. Deferred tax is not recognised for the following temporary
differences: the initial recognition of assets or liabilities in a transaction that is not a business combination and that affects neither
accounting nor taxable profit or loss, and differences relating to investments in subsidiaries and jointly controlled entities to the
extent that they will probably not reverse in the foreseeable future. In addition, deferred tax is not recognised for taxable
temporary differences arising on the initial recognition of goodwill. Deferred tax is measured at the tax rates that are expected to
be applied to the temporary differences when they reverse, based on the laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted
by the reporting date. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are offset if there is a legally enforceable right to offset current tax
liabilities and assets, and they relate to income taxes levied by the same tax authority on the same taxable entity, or on different
tax entities, but they intend to settle current tax liabilities and assets on a net basis or their tax assets and liabilities will be
A deferred tax asset is recognised for unused tax losses, tax credits and deductible temporary differences, to the extent that
it is probable that future taxable profits will be available against which they can be utilised. Deferred tax assets are reviewed
at each reporting date and are reduced to the extent that it is no longer probable that the related tax benefit will be realised.
Additional income taxes that arise from the distribution of cash dividends are recognised at the same time as the liability
to pay the related dividend is recognised. The group does not distribute non-cash assets as dividends to its shareholders.
(i) Tax consolidation
The company and its wholly-owned Australian resident entities are part of a tax-consolidated group. As a consequence, all
members of the tax-consolidated group are taxed as a single entity. The head entity within the tax-consolidated group is
Current tax expense/income, deferred tax liabilities and deferred tax assets arising from temporary differences of the members
of the tax-consolidated group are recognised in the separate financial statements of the members of the tax- consolidated group
using the ‘separate taxpayer within group’ approach by reference to the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities in the separate
financial statements of each entity and the tax values applying under tax consolidation.
Any current tax liabilities (or assets) and deferred tax assets arising from unused tax losses of the subsidiaries are assumed by
the head entity in the tax-consolidated group and are recognised by the company as amounts payable/(receivable) to/(from)
other entities in the tax-consolidated group in conjunction with any tax funding arrangement (refer below). Any difference
between these amounts is recognised by the company as an equity contribution amounts or distribution.
The company recognises deferred tax assets arising from unused tax losses of the tax-consolidated group to the extent that
it is probable that future taxable profits of the tax-consolidated group will be available against which the asset can be utilised.
Any subsequent period adjustments to deferred tax assets arising from unused tax losses as a result of revised assessments
of the probability of recoverability is recognised by the head entity only.
(ii) Nature of tax funding arrangements and tax sharing agreements
The head entity, in conjunction with other members of the tax-consolidated group, has entered into a tax funding arrangement
which sets out the funding obligations of members of the tax-consolidated group in respect of tax amounts. The tax funding
arrangements require payments to/from the head entity equal to the current tax liability/(asset) assumed by the head entity
and any tax loss deferred tax asset assumed by the head entity, resulting in the head entity recognising an inter-entity
receivable/(payable) equal in amount to the tax liability/(asset) assumed. The inter-entity receivables/(payables) are at call.
Contributions to fund the current tax liabilities are payable as per the tax funding arrangement and reflect the timing of the
head entity’s obligation to make payments for tax liabilities to the relevant tax authorities.
NUFARM LIMITED ANNUAL REPORT 2017
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